Instructions to Authors - Journal of Education and Research in Nursing

Instructions to Authors

All articles published in HEAD or accepted for publication are the property of SANERC; all or any part of the articles, tables, pictures or figures may not be published elsewhere without the permission of the Editorial Board. The Editorial Board carries no responsibility for scientific content; the scientific responsibility of the articles belongs to the authors. The articles submitted to HEAD for review must not have been previously published nor submitted for publication elsewhere. Authors are not charged or paid for articles published in HEAD.

Article Preparation

The articles must be prepared according to the Vancouver style (
Review articles and case studies must not exceed 20 pages; research articles must not exceed 25 pages (including abstract, references, table, and figure/graphic). There must not be a total of more than 5 tables, graphics, and figures in the submitted manuscript.

General Rules for Writing (Format)

• The article must be typed in Times New Roman font, 12-point and double-spaced. The entire article must be formatted in justified text, and the heading and paragraph entries must be aligned left.
• Main headings (first level) must be typed in 14-point font, with the first letters in uppercase. Subheadings (second level) under headings must be typed in 12-point and bold with the first letters in uppercase. Other headings below the subtitles (third level) must be typed in 12-point, bold and lowercase.
• At the end of a sentence, no space must be left before the period but a space must be typed after the period.
• No space must be left before a comma and a space must be typed between all words in the sentence.
• The period must be used to separate decimal numbers, not a comma.
• The percent (%) sign must be placed without a space between the digits and must be typed before the percentage in Turkish articles, and after the percentage in English articles.
• Where signs such as (), "" and / are used, a space must not be typed before or after the sentence/word.
• Itemized numbers or letters must not be used within the main text.
• Italics must be used to report statistical analyses values (e.g. variance analysis (F, t, z), correlation (R, r)).
• System International (SI) unit symbols must be used within the text. Only generic names of drugs must be used.
• Abbreviations must not be used in the title and abstract. Few abbreviations must be used and abbreviations must be indicated where the word or phrase are first used.
• References must not be used in the abstract.
• Table headings must be placed above the table and the first letter of the words must be uppercase (e.g. Table 1: Factors Affecting Patient Safety).
• The figure/graphic headings must be placed below the figure/graphics, italicized and only the first letter of the first word must be uppercase (e.g. Figure 1: Miller's mastery pyramid for clinical evaluation).

Title and Author Information Page

The title and author information page must be prepared separately from the main text on a single page. If the submitted article was previously presented at any congress or symposium, funded by any institution, or produced from a thesis study, this should be indicated under author information.

: The article title must be given in both Turkish and English and the title must not exceed 12 words.

Author (s) Information
: This section must include all of the following information:

  • Names, surnames, titles, institutions (names and addresses), and contact information (telephone and e-mail) of all authors
  • Author Contributions: Concept, Design, Data Collection and/or Processing, Analysis and/or Interpretation, Writing, Critical Review and/or Revision


  • The Turkish abstract and English translation must be on separate pages. The Turkish and English abstracts must be a maximum of 200 words. Both the Turkish and English abstracts must include Aim, Methods, Results, and Conclusion sections.  At the end, 3-6 keywords must be given in Turkish and English. Turkish key words must be in accordance with Turkish Science Terms found at Key words in English must comply with the Index Medicus: Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) standards. The first letter of the first keyword must be in uppercase, the first letter of the other words must be in lowercase, the words must be separated by a semicolon (;), and a period must be placed at the end of the last word.

Main Text
Research Article
A research article must consist of Introduction, Aims, Method, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion sections.

  • Introduction: In this section, the aim and the scientific ideas on which the article is based must be clearly stated, the problem must be explained according to relevant works published, and information about the problem being raised must be clear.
  • Aim: The aim(s) and, according to the manuscript type, the hypothesis or research question(s) must be included.
  • Methods: The type of research, location, sample, data collection, preliminary application (if any), how and when the research was conducted, ethical direction and data collection, data evaluation, and research limitations must be included.
  • Results: Results must be presented in a systematic way which responds to the research question(s).
  • Discussion: Discussion must be presented in a systematic way which responds to the research question(s). (In qualitative studies, the Results and Discussion sections can be written together).
  • Conclusion: This section emphasizes the importance of the subject. The results of the research must be given together with the contributions to nursing practices.

Review Article
The review article must consist of an introduction, subheadings, and results sections determined by the author(s). The introduction and subheadings outside the results section must be generated by the author(s). Subheadings in the text must be arranged to meet the purpose and scope of the article. The introduction must clearly state the aims and the scientific ideas on which the article is based and include the writer’s opinions on  what has been done and what can be done in the field in the world and in Turkey about the issue. 

A case study must include an Introduction Case presentation, Discussion, and Conclusion. The introduction must include the location of the study as well as its importance in the field.   All necessary details of the case must be given in a way that reveals at least 3-4 problems which encourages the reader to think, and any ethical aspects of the case must be fully explained. In the Discussion, the questions given in the case must be answered in full.

Tables and Figures/Graphics

All tables and figures/graphics must be numbered according to their title and use in the text. Shapes must be digitally formatted, jpegs must be registered and be at 300 dpi resolution. The tables and figures/graphics should be placed after the reference section and each on a separate page.

Bibliography (References)

The writers are responsible for the accuracy of the sources.

In-text Citation

Each source must be numbered according to the order in which they appear in the text and the reference list must be listed according to this. The reference number within superscripted brackets must be used after the relevant word or sentence. 

References should be written in compliance with  Vancouver style (see. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. While writing references, the below-indicated rules should be attentively observed.

References cited in the text

References cited in the text should be numbered in order of their use in the text, and the list of references should be presented accordingly. The number of the reference should be indicated in paranthesis and as a superscript. If more than one reference is used, then a comma (,) should be placed between references.

Sample cited statements in the text:

Care provided by nurses is especially important in the diagnosis, and prevention of malnutrition, in the decreasing hospitalization period, and hospital costs.(9)  Therefore the nurses are expected to have adequate information, equipment, and skill in the field of nutrition.(3,10,11)
Duerksen et al.(14) evaluated the knowledge level, and approaches of Canadian nurses concerning nutritional problems of inpatients . In their study, they indicated that nurses failed to evaluate nutritional state of the patients adequately, and effectively which was attributed to inadequate number of auxillary personnel, time restraints, and missing documents .

Indicating references at the end of the text

At the end of the text, references should be written double-spaced on a separate paper. Titles of the journals should be abbreviated in accordance with the citation index  which includes the journal that  published the article (ie: Index Medicus, Medline, Pubmed, Web of Science, TR Dizin, etc.), and if available, DOI numbers should be absolutely added. For abbreviations of the titles of the journals, please see the list of the journals published by NLM in website ( If title of the journal is not contained in these lists, it should be written in full. If Vancouver format is employed in the website you used  for references , then copy-pasting of the reference in your reference list is recommended. References indicated  in the text should be written in compliance with the below-mentioned sample statements:


If the number of authors are less than or equal to 6, then all authors are indicated..
Campbell MR, Fisher J, Anderson L, Kreppel E. Implementation of early exercise and progressive mobility: Steps to success. Crit Care Nurse. 2015;35(1):82-8. doi: 10.4037/ccn2015701.
If the number of authors are more than 6, then the first three authors are indicated.  
Aiken LH, Sermeus W, Van den Heede K, Sloane MD, Busse R, McKee M, et al. Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: Cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States. BMJ. 2012;344:e1717. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1717.
If the article has not any DOI number then internet access address (website) is noted.
Pokorny ME, Koldjeski D, Swanson M. Skin care intervention for patients having cardiac surgery. Am J Crit Care. 2003;12(3):535-44. Available from:

Ahrens T. Severe sepsis management: Are we doing enough? Crit Care Nurse. 2003;23(Suppl 5):2-15. Available from:

Jarvis C. Physical Examination and Health Assessment. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company; 2000.
If any information about the editor is available: Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

A chapter in the book:
Finke LM. Teaching in nursing: the faculty role. In: Billing DM, Halstead JA, editors. Teaching in Nursing: A Guide for Faculty. 3rd ed. USA: Saunders & Elsevier; 2009. p. 3-17.

Translated book :
Ferry DR. ECG in Ten Days [On Günde Temel Elektrokardiyografi]. Kahraman M, translator. İstanbul: Ekbil A.Ş.; 2001.

A chapter in a translated book:

Tolay E. Planlamanın temelleri. In: Robbins SP, Decenzo DA, Coulter M. editors. Yönetimin Esasları: Temel Kavramlar ve Uygulamalar. Öğüt A, translator. Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık; 2013. p. 104-29.

Electronic book:
Akdag R. The Progress So Far Health Transformation Program in Turkey. Ankara, Turkey: Ministry of Health; 2009. Available from:
Aminoff MJ, Greenberg DA, Simon RP. Clinical Neurology. 9th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2015. Available from:

Electronic report/document:
World Health Organization. World Alliance for Patient Safety Forward Programme 2008-2009. 1st ed. France; 2008. Available from:
İzmir Halk Sağlığı Müdürlüğü. Sağlık Bakanlığı Yoğun Bakım Ünitelerinin Standartları. İzmir; 2007. Available from:

Bayram TY. Üniversitelerde örgütsel sessizlik [master’s thesis]. Bolu: Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü; 2010.
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

Submission Process

HEAD only accepts manuscripts submitted via the Article Tracking System; E-mails and postal mailings are not evaluated ( In the process of evaluating and accepting manuscripts, any communication with the authors is done automatically through the HEAD online article tracking system.
The author(s) can register to the system by clicking on the link sent to their e-mail address after registering with the HEAD online system. After registering, they can login to the system with their e-mail address and password. Before submitting articles, it is absolutely necessary to register with the system. The journal must be submitted in accordance with the order of all the steps specified by the system in order for successful submission. All steps in the system are required to be completed. When the article is uploaded to the system, each of the following sections should be uploaded as separate files:
• Title and author information page
• Turkish and English Abstract
• Article text (Turkish and English title, Turkish and English abstracts, main text, references, tables and figures/graphs)
• Ethical Approval Form (if it is research article)
• Copyright Transfer Form (All author(s) must be signed).

Review Process
HEAD is a peer-reviewed journal. Manuscripts submitted for publication are first reviewed by the Editorial Board. At this stage the manuscript is assessed in how it contributes to the knowledge and practices of nurses and other healthcare professionals.
Manuscripts selected for review by the editor are sent to reviewers. Manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed. Based on the feedback from reviewers, manuscripts can be accepted, rejected, or recommended for revisions. Decisions about manuscripts may be sent to author(s) within 10-12 weeks of submission depending on reviewer availability. Author(s) must submit any revisions within 20 days. Further recommended revisions may also be requested upon resubmission.
Author(s) can check the status of their manuscripts at any time on the website.  (
All accepted manuscripts are sent through plagiarism software (iThenticate) to check any overlap and text similarities and all results are shared with the author(s) for possible revision.

Publishing Process

All accepted manuscripts are edited and emailed to authors in PDF format in order to be approved for publication. In this stage, it is necessary to fill in the “Article Copyright Transfer Form” on the website. ( All approved papers by author(s) are listed for publication.

Author Responsibility

Ethical Principles

Authors who submit manuscripts for publication in our journal must strictly adhere to the following ethical principles:

  • All research studies must be approved by an institutional ethics board. During the submission process, an ethical approval document must be submitted. 
  • All author(s) must accept the following ethical rules for their study:
    • Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects,
    • Guideline for Good Clinical Practice,
    • Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and
    •  The relevant regulations of the Turkish Republic Ministry of Health. 
  • All research manuscripts must include a statement that the written or oral informed consent of all study participants was obtained
  • Case study manuscripts must include a statement of written informed consent of all participants.

Article Copyright Transfer Form
The Article Copyright Transfer Form must be completed in the article tracking system.

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